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Ginseng

Publiseer tyd: 2021-09-09 views: 135

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Ginseng has been used in Asia and North America for centuries. Many use it to improve thinking, concentration, memory and physical endurance. It’s also utilized to help with depression, anxiety and as a chronic fatigue natural treatment. It’s known to boost the immune system, fight infections and help men with erectile dysfunction.

Native Americans once used the root as a stimulant and headache remedy, as well as a treatment for infertility, fever and indigestion. Today, approximately 6 million Americans take advantage of the proven ginseng benefits regularly.

There are 11 species of ginseng, all belonging to the genus Panax of the family Araliaceae; The botanical name Panax means “all heal” in Greek. The name “ginseng” is used to refer to both American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian or Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng). The true ginseng plant belongs only to the Panax genus, so other species, such as Siberian ginseng and crown prince ginseng, have distinctively different functions.
The unique and beneficial compounds of the Panax species are called ginsenosides, and they’re currently under clinical research to investigate their potential for medical use. Both Asian and

American ginseng contain ginsenosides, but they include different types in different amounts. Research has varied, and some experts aren’t yet convinced that there’s enough data to label the medical capabilities of ginseng, but for centuries people have believed in its beneficial compounds and results.

What are the forms of ginseng?

American ginseng isn’t ready for use until it’s grown for about six years; It’s endangered in the wild, so now it’s grown on farms to protect it from over harvesting. The American ginseng plant has leaves that grow in a circular shape about the stem. The flowers are yellow-green and shaped like an umbrella; They grow in the center of the plant and produce red berries. The plant gets wrinkles around the neck with age — older plants are more valuable and more expensive because ginseng benefits are more abundant in aged roots.
Ginseng bevat verskeie farmakologiese komponente, insluitend 'n reeks tetrasikliese triterpenoïede saponiene (ginsenosiede), poliasetileene, polifenoliese verbindings en suur polisakkariede.

Wat is die voordele?

1. Verbeter bui en verminder stres
A controlled study done at the Brain Performance and Nutrition Research Centre in the United Kingdom involved 30 volunteers who were given three rounds of treatments of ginseng and placebo. The study was done to gather data about ginseng’s ability to improve mood and mental function.  The results found that 200 milligrams of ginseng for eight days slowed the fall in mood, but also slowed the participants’ response to mental arithmetic. The 400 milligram dose improved calmness and improved mental arithmetic for the duration of the eight-day treatment.
Another study done at the Division of Pharmacology at the Central Drug Research Institute tested the effects of Panax ginseng on rats with chronic stress and found that it “has significant anti-stress properties and can be used for the treatment of stress-induced disorders.” The 100 milligram dose of Panax ginseng reduced the ulcer index, adrenal gland weight and plasma glucose levels — making it a powerful medicinal options for chronic stress and a great ulcer natural remedy and way to heal adrenal fatigue.

2. Verbeter breinfunksie
Ginseng stimulates brain cells and improves concentration and cognitive activities. Evidence shows that taking Panax ginseng root daily for 12 weeks can improve mental performance in people with Alzheimer’s disease. One study done at the Department of Neurology at the Clinical Research Institute in South Korea investigated the effectiveness of ginseng on the cognitive performance of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. After ginseng treatment, the participants showed improvements, and this upscale trend continued for three months. After discontinuing ginseng treatment, the improvements declined to the levels of the control group.
This suggest ginseng works as an Alzheimer’s natural treatment. Although more research on this topic is needed, one preliminary study found that a combination of American ginseng and ginkgo biloba helps naturally remedy ADHD.

3. Het anti-inflammatoriese eienskappe
An interesting study done in Korea measured the beneficial effects of Korean red ginseng on children after chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation for advanced cancer.  The study included 19 patients who received 60 milligrams of Korean red ginseng daily for one year. Blood samples were collected every six months, and as a result of the treatment, the cytokines, or small proteins that are responsible for sending signals to the brain and regulating cell growth, decreased rapidly, which was a significant difference from the control group. This study suggests that Korean red ginseng has a stabilizing effect of the inflammatory cytokines in children with cancer after chemotherapy.
A 2011 study published in the American Journal of Chinese Medicine done on rats also measured the impact that Korean red ginseng has on inflammatory cytokines; After giving rats 100 milligrams of Korean red ginseng extract for seven days, the ginseng proved to significantly reduce the extent of inflammation — the root of most diseases — and it improved the damage that was already done to the brain.
Another animal study measured ginseng’s anti-inflammatory benefits. Korean red ginseng was tested for its anti-allergic properties on 40 mice with allergic rhinitis, a common upper airway inflammatory disease typically seen in children and adults; The most frequent symptoms include congestion, nasal itching and sneezing. At the end of the trial, the Korean red ginseng reduced the nasal allergic inflammatory reaction in the mice, showcasing ginseng’s place among the best anti-inflammatory foods.

4. Help met gewigsverlies
Another surprising ginseng benefit is its ability to work as a natural appetite suppressant. It also boosts your metabolism and helps the body burn fat at a faster rate. A study done at the Tang Center for Herbal Medicine Research in Chicago measured the anti-diabetic and anti-obesity effects of Panax ginseng berry in adult mice; The mice were injected with 150 milligrams of ginseng berry extract per kilogram of body weight for 12 days. By day five, the mice taking the ginseng extract had significantly lower fasting blood glucose levels. After day 12, the glucose tolerance in the mice increased and overall blood glucose levels decreased by 53 percent. The treated mice showed weight loss, too, starting at 51 grams and ending the treatment at 45 grams.
'n Soortgelyke studie wat in 2009 gedoen is, het bevind dat Panax ginseng 'n belangrike rol speel in die anti-vetsug effek in muise, wat die kliniese belangrikheid van die verbetering van die bestuur van vetsug en verwante metaboliese sindrome met ginseng suggereer.

5. Behandel seksuele disfunksie
Taking powdered Korean red ginseng seems to improve sexual arousal and treat erectile dysfunction in men. A 2008 systematic review included 28 randomized clinical studies that evaluated the effectiveness of red ginseng for treating erectile dysfunction; The review provided suggestive evidence for the use of red ginseng, but researchers believe that more rigorous studies are necessary in order to draw definitive conclusions.
Van die 28 hersiene studies het ses 'n verbetering van erektiele funksie gerapporteer wanneer rooi ginseng gebruik word in vergelyking met placebobeheer. Vier studies het die effekte van rooi ginseng vir seksuele funksie getoets met behulp van vraelyste in vergelyking met placebo, en alle proewe het positiewe effekte van rooi ginseng gerapporteer.
Research done in 2002 at the Department of Physiology at Southern Illinois University’s School of Medicine indicates that ginseng’s ginsenoside components facilitate penile erections by directly inducing the vasodilatation and relaxation of the erectile tissue. It’s the release of nitric oxide from endothelial cells and perivascular nerves that directly affect the erectile tissue.
Die universiteit se navorsing dui ook daarop dat ginseng die sentrale senuweestelsel aantas en die aktiwiteit in die brein aansienlik verander wat hormonale gedrag en afskeiding vergemaklik.

6. Verbeter Longfunksie
Ginseng-behandeling het longbakterieë aansienlik verminder, en studies waarby rotte betrokke is, het getoon dat ginseng die groei van sistiese fibrose, 'n algemene longinfeksie, kan stop. In een 1997-studie is rotte ginseng-inspuitings gegee, en na twee weke het die behandelde groep 'n aansienlik verbeterde bakteriese opruiming uit die longe getoon.
Research also shows another ginseng benefit is its ability to treat a lung disease called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is characterized as chronically poor airflow that typically worsens over time. According to the research, taking Panax ginseng by mouth seems to improve lung function and some symptoms of COPD.

7. Verlaag bloedsuikervlakke
Several studies show that American ginseng lowers blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes, working as a diabetes natural remedy. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, one study found that people with type 2 diabetes who took American ginseng before or together with a high sugar drink showed less of an increase in blood glucose levels.
Another study done at the Human Cognitive Neuroscience Unit in the United Kingdom found that Panax ginseng causes a reduction in blood glucose levels one hour after the consumption of glucose, confirming that ginseng possess glucoregulatory properties.
One of the primary difficulties with  type 2 diabetes is that the body is not responsive enough to insulin. One study found that Korean red ginseng improved insulin sensitivity, further explaining ginseng’s ability to help lower blood sugar levels and help those struggling with type 2 diabetes.

8. Voorkom Kanker
Navorsing het getoon dat ginseng kragtige antikanker-eienskappe het as gevolg van sy vermoë om tumorgroei te inhibeer. Alhoewel meer navorsing oor hierdie onderwerp nodig is, kom verslae tot die gevolgtrekking dat dit die verbeterings in sel-immuniteit is wat T-selle en NK-selle (natuurlike moordenaarselle) behels, tesame met ander meganismes soos oksidatiewe stres, apoptose en angiogenese, wat ginseng sy teenkanker-eienskappe gee.
Scientific reviews state that ginseng mitigates cancer through anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and apoptotic mechanisms to influence gene expression and stop tumor growth.  This shows ginseng may work as a natural cancer treatment. A number of studies have focused on ginseng’s particular effect on colorectal cancer as about 1 in 21 people in the U.S. will get colorectal cancer during their lifetime.  Researchers treated human colorectal cancer cells with steamed ginseng berry extract and found the anti-proliferation effects were 98 percent for HCT-116 and 99 percent for SW-480 cells. When researchers tested steamed American ginseng root, they found results comparable to that of the steamed berry extract.

9. Versterk immuunstelsel
Another well-researched ginseng benefit is its ability to boost the immune system — helping the body fight off infection and disease. The roots, stems and leaves of ginseng have been used for maintaining immune homeostasis and enhancing resistance to illness or infection.
Verskeie kliniese studies het getoon dat Amerikaanse ginseng die werkverrigting van selle wat 'n rol in immuniteit speel, verbeter. Ginseng reguleer elke tipe immuunsel, insluitend makrofage, natuurlike moordenaarselle, dendritiese selle, T-selle en B-selle.
Ginseng extracts produce antimicrobial compounds that work as a defense mechanism against bacterial and viral infections. Studies show that ginseng’s polyacetylene compounds are effective against bacterial infections.
Research involving mice showed that ginseng decreased the number of bacteria present in the spleens, kidney and blood. Ginseng extracts also protected mice from septic death due to inflammation. Reports show that ginseng also has inhibitory effects on the growth of many viruses, including influenza, HIV and rotavirus.

10. Verlig Menopouse Simptome
Pesky symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, irritability, anxiety, depressive symptoms, vaginal dryness, decreased sex drive, weight gain, insomnia and thinning hair tend to accompany menopause. Some evidence suggests that ginseng can help decrease the severity and occurrence of these. A systematic review of randomized clinical trials found that in three different trials, Korean red ginseng had the efficacy to boost sexual arousal in menopausal women, increase well-being and general health while decreasing depressive symptoms and better improve menopause symptoms on the Kupperman’s index and Menopausal Rating Scale as compared to the placebo group. A fourth study found no significant difference in the frequency of hot flashes between the ginseng and placebo group.

Tipes ginseng

While the Panax family (Asian and American) are the only “true” types of ginseng due to their high levels of the active ingredient ginsenosides, there are other adaptogenic herbs that have similar properties that are also known as relatives to ginseng.

Asian Ginseng: panax ginseng, also known as red ginseng and Korean ginseng, is the classic and original that has been renown for thousands of years. Often used to boost in Traditional Chinese Medicine for those who are struggling with low Qi, coldness and a yang deficiency, which can display as fatigue. This form can also help with weakness, exhaustion, type 2 diabetes, erectile dysfunction and poor memory.

American Ginseng: panax quinquefolius, grows throughout the northern regions of North America, including New York, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Ontario, Canada. American ginseng has been shown to fight depression, balance blood sugar, support digestive distress caused by anxiety, improve focus and boost the immune system. In comparison, American ginseng is more mild than Asian ginseng but still very therapeutic and usually used to treat yin deficiency instead of yang deficiency.

Siberian Ginseng: eleutherococcus senticocus, grows wild in Russia and Asia, also known as just eleuthro, contains high levels of eleutherosides, which have very similar benefits to ginsenosides found in panax species of ginseng. Studies indicate that Siberian ginseng may increase VO2 max to optimize cardiovascular endurance, improve fatigue and support immunity.

Indian Ginseng: withania somnifera, also known as ashwagandha, is a renowned herb in Ayurveda medicine for enhancing longevity. It has some similar benefits to classic ginseng but also has many differences. It can be taken more on a long-term basis and has been shown to improve thyroid hormone levels (TSH, T3 & T4), relieve anxiety, balance cortisol, improve cholesterol, regulate blood sugar and improve fitness levels.
Brazilian Ginseng: pfaffia paniculata, also known as suma root, grows throughout the rain forests of South America and means “for everything” in Portuguese because of its diverse benefits. Suma root contains ecdysterone, which supports healthy levels of testosterone in men and women and may also support muscular health, reduce inflammation, fight cancer, improve sexual performance and boost endurance.

Ginseng History & Interesting Facts

Ginseng was originally used as an herbal medicine in ancient China; There are even written records about its properties dating back to about 100 A.D. By the 16th century, ginseng was so popular that control over the ginseng fields became an issue.

In 2010, nearly all of the world’s 80,000 tons of ginseng in international commerce was produced in four countries — South Korea, China, Canada and the United States. Today, ginseng is marketed in over 35 countries and sales exceed $2 billion, half coming from South Korea.

Korea continues to be the largest provider of ginseng and China the largest consumer. Today, most North American ginseng is produced in Ontario, British Columbia, and Wisconsin.

Ginseng cultivated in Korea is classified into three types, depending on how it’s processed:
● Fresh ginseng is less than four years old.
● White ginseng is between four and six years old and is dried after peeling.
● Red ginseng is harvested, steamed and dried when it’s six years old.

Because people consider the age of the ginseng roots important, a 400-year-old root of Manchurian ginseng from the mountains of China sold for $10,000 per ounce in 1976.

Ginseng aanbevole dosisse

Die volgende ginseng dosisse is in wetenskaplike navorsing bestudeer:
● Vir tipe 2-diabetes blyk die gewone doeltreffende dosis 200 milligram daagliks te wees.
● Vir erektiele disfunksie is 900 milligram Panax ginseng drie keer per dag wat navorsers nuttig gevind het.
● For premature ejaculation, apply SS-Cream, containing Panax ginseng and other ingredients, to the penis one hour before intercourse and wash off before intercourse.
● Vir stres, spanning of moegheid, neem daagliks 1 gram ginseng, of 500 milligram twee keer per dag.

Moontlike newe-effekte en interaksies

The side effects from ginseng are generally mild. Ginseng can act as a stimulant in some people, so it may cause nervousness and insomnia (especially in large doses). Long-term use or high doses of ginseng may cause headaches, dizziness and stomachaches. Women who use ginseng regularly may experience menstrual changes, and there have also been some reports of allergic reactions to ginseng.

Given the lack of evidence about its safety, ginseng is not recommended for children or women who are pregnant or  breastfeeding.

Ginseng may affect blood sugar levels, so people taking drugs for diabetes shouldn’t use ginseng without talking to their health care providers first. Ginseng can interact with warfarin and with some medicines for depression; Caffeine may amplify ginseng’s stimulant effects.

Daar is 'n mate van kommer dat Panax ginseng simptome van outo-immuun siektes soos MS, lupus en rumatoïede artritis verhoog, so pasiënte met daardie toestande moet hul dokter raadpleeg voor en terwyl hulle hierdie aanvulling neem. Dit kan ook inmeng met bloedstolling en moet nie geneem word deur diegene met bloedingstoestande nie. Mense wat orgaanoorplantings gehad het, wil dalk nie ginseng neem nie omdat dit die risiko van orgaanverwerping kan verhoog. (29)
Ginseng may interact with female hormone-sensitive illnesses such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis and uterine fibroids because it has estrogen-like effects. (29)
Ginseng kan interaksie hê met die volgende medikasie:
● Medikasie vir diabetes
● Bloedverdunningsmedikasie
● Antidepressante
● Antipsigotiese medikasie
● Stimulants
● Morfien
Oormatige gebruik van ginseng kan lei tot ginseng misbruik sindroom, wat geassosieer word met affektiewe versteuring, allergie, kardiovaskulêre en nier toksisiteit, geslagsorgaan bloeding, ginekomastie, hepatotoksisiteit, hipertensie en reproduktiewe toksisiteit.

To avoid side effects from ginseng, some experts suggest not taking ginseng for more than three to six months at a time. If need be, your doctor may recommend that you take a break and then begin to take ginseng again for a few weeks or months.

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