сите категории

индустрија Вести

Дома> Вести > индустрија Вести

Дознајте повеќе за женшен

Време на објавување: 2023-03-28 Прегледи: 110

Ginseng has been used in Asia and North America for centuries. Many use it to improve thinking, concentration, memory and physical endurance. It’s also utilized to help with depression, anxiety and as a chronic fatigue natural treatment. It’s known to boost the immune system, fight infections and help men with erectile dysfunction.

Native Americans once used the root as a stimulant and headache remedy, as well as a treatment for infertility, fever and indigestion. Today, approximately 6 million, Americans take advantage of the proven ginseng benefits regularly.

What Is Ginseng?

There are 11 species of ginseng, all belonging to the genus Panax of the family Araliaceae; The botanical name Panax means “all heal” in Greek. The name “ginseng” is used to refer to both American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian or Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng). The true ginseng plant belongs only to the Panax genus, so other species, such as Siberian ginseng and crown prince ginseng, have distinctively different functions.

The unique and beneficial compounds of the Panax species are called ginsenosides, and they’ re currently under clinical research to investigate their potential for medical use. Both Asian and American ginseng contain ginsenosides, but they include different types in different amounts. Research has varied, and some experts aren’t yet convinced that there’s enough data to label the medical capabilities of ginseng, but for centuries people have believed in its beneficial compounds and results.

Ginseng Nutrition Facts

American ginseng isn’t ready for use until it’s grown for about six years; It’s endangered in the wild, so now it’s grown on farms to protect it from over harvesting. The American ginseng plant has leaves that grow in a circular shape about the stem . The flowers are yellow-green and shaped like an umbrella; They grow in the center of the plant and produce red berries. The plant gets wrinkles around the neck with age — older plants are more valuable and more expensive because ginseng benefits are more abundant in aged roots.

Женшенот содржи различни фармаколошки компоненти, вклучувајќи серија тетрациклични тритерпеноидни сапонини (гинсенозиди), полиацетилени, полифенолни соединенија и кисели полисахариди.

Proven Ginseng Benefits

1Improves Mood and Reduces Stress
A controlled study done at the Brain Performance and Nutrition Research Centre in the United Kingdom involved 30 volunteers who were given three rounds of treatments of ginseng and placebo. The study was done to gather data about ginseng’s ability to improve mood and mental function. The results found that 200 milligrams of ginseng for eight days slowed the fall in mood, but also slowed the participants’ response to mental arithmetic. The 400 milligram dose improved calmness and improved mental arithmetic for the duration of the eight-day treatment.

Another study done at the Division of Pharmacology at the Central Drug Research Institute tested the effects of Panax ginseng on rats with chronic stress and found that it has significant anti-stress properties and can be used for the treatment of stress-induced disorders.” The 100 milligram dose of Panax ginseng reduced the ulcer index, adrenal gland weight and plasma glucose levels — making it a powerful medicinal options for chronic stress and a great ulcer natural remedy and way to heal adrenal fatigue.

2. Ја подобрува функцијата на мозокот
Ginseng stimulates brain cells and improves concentration and cognitive
activities. Evidence shows that taking Panax ginseng root daily for 12 weeks can improve mental performance in people with Alzheimer’s disease. One study done at the Department of Neurology at the Clinical Research Institute in South Korea investigated the effectiveness of ginseng on the cognitive performance of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. After ginseng treatment, the participants showed improvements, and this upscale trend continued for three months. After discontinuing ginseng treatment, the improvements declined to the levels of the control group.
This suggest ginseng works as an Alzheimer’s natural treatment. Although more research on this topic is needed, one preliminary study found that a combination of American ginseng and ginkgo biloba helps naturally remedy ADHD.

3. Има антиинфламаторни својства
An interesting study done in Korea measured the beneficial effects of Korean red ginseng on children after chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation for advanced cancer.

The study included 19 patients who received 60 milligrams of Korean red ginseng daily for one year. Blood samples were collected every six months, and as a result of the treatment, the cytokines, or small proteins that are responsible for sending signals to the brain and regulating cell growth, decreased rapidly, which was a significant difference from the control group. This study suggests that Korean red ginseng has a stabilizing effect of the inflammatory cytokines in children with cancer after chemotherapy.

A 2011 study published in the American Journal of Chinese Medicine done on rats also measured the impact that Korean red ginseng has on inflammatory cytokines; After giving rats 100 milligrams of Korean red ginseng extract for seven days, the ginseng proved to significantly reduce the extent of inflammation — the root of most diseases — and it improved the damage that was already done to the brain.

Another animal study measured ginseng’s anti-inflammatory benefits. Korean red ginseng was tested for its anti-allergic properties on 40 mice with allergic rhinitis, a common upper airway inflammatory disease typically seen in children and adults; The most frequent symptoms include congestion, nasal itching and sneezing. At the end of the trial, the Korean red ginseng reduced the nasal allergic inflammatory reaction in the mice, showcasing ginseng’s place among the best anti-inflammatory foods.

4. Помага при слабеење
Another surprising ginseng benefit is its ability to work as a natural appetite suppressant. It also boosts your metabolism and helps the body burn fat at a faster rate. A study done at the Tang Center for Herbal Medicine Research in Chicago measured the anti-diabetic and anti-obesity effects of Panax ginseng berry in adult mice; The mice were injected with 150 milligrams of ginseng berry extract per kilogram of body weight for 12 days. By day five, the mice taking the ginseng extract had significantly lower fasting blood glucose levels. After day 12, the glucose tolerance in the mice increased and overall blood glucose levels decreased by 53 percent. The treated mice showed weight loss, too, starting at 51 grams and ending the treatment at 45 grams.

Слична студија направена во 2009 година покажа дека женшенот Panax игра витална улога во ефектот против дебелина кај глувците, што укажува на клиничката важност за подобрување на управувањето со дебелината и поврзаните метаболички синдроми со женшен.

5. Третира сексуална дисфункција
Taking powdered Korean red ginseng seems to improve sexual arousaland treat erectile dysfunction in men. A 2008 systematic review included 28 randomized clinical studies that evaluated the effectiveness of red ginseng for treating erectile dysfunction; The review provided suggestive evidence for the use of red ginseng, but researchers believe that more rigorous studies are necessary in order to draw definitive conclusions.

Од 28 прегледани студии, шест пријавиле подобрување на еректилната функција при користење на црвен женшен во споредба со плацебо контролата. Четири студии ги тестираа ефектите на црвениот женшен за сексуалната функција користејќи прашалници во споредба со плацебо, а сите испитувања објавија позитивни ефекти од црвениот женшен.

Research done in 2002 at the Department of Physiology at Southern Illinois University’s School of Medicine indicates that ginseng’s ginsenoside components facilitate penile erections by directly inducing the vasodilatation and relaxation of the erectile tissue. It’s the release of nitric oxide from endothelial cells and perivascular nerves that directly affect the erectile tissue.

Истражувањето на универзитетот, исто така, покажува дека женшенот влијае на централниот нервен систем и значително ја менува активноста во мозокот што го олеснува хормонското однесување и лачењето.

6. Ја подобрува функцијата на белите дробови

Третманот со женшен значително ги намали бактериите на белите дробови, а студиите во кои беа вклучени стаорци покажаа дека женшен може да го запре растот на цистичната фиброза, честа инфекција на белите дробови. Во една студија од 1997 година, на стаорците им биле дадени инјекции со женшен, а по две недели, третираната група покажала значително подобрен бактериски клиренс од белите дробови.

Research also shows another ginseng benefit is its ability to treat a lung disease called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is characterized as chronically poor airflow that typically worsens over time. According to the research, taking Panax ginseng by mouth seems to improve lung function and some symptoms of COPD.

7. Го намалува нивото на шеќер во крвта
Several studies show that American ginseng lowers blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes, working as a diabetes natural remedy. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, one study found that people with type 2 diabetes who took American ginseng before or together with a high sugar drink showed less of an increase in blood glucose levels.

Another study done at the Human Cognitive Neuroscience Unit in the United Kingdom found that Panax ginseng causes a reduction in blood glucose levels one hour after the consumption of glucose, confirming that ginseng possess glucoregulatory properties.

One of the primary difficulties with type 2 diabetes is that the body is not responsive enough to insulin. One study found that Korean red ginseng improved insulin sensitivity, further explaining ginseng’s ability to help lower blood sugar levels and help those struggling with type 2 diabetes.

8. Спречува рак
Истражувањата покажаа дека женшен поседува моќни антиканцерогени својства поради неговата способност да го инхибира растот на туморот. Иако се потребни повеќе истражувања на оваа тема, извештаите заклучуваат дека подобрувањето на клеточниот имунитет ги вклучува Т-клетките и NK-клетките (клетките природни убијци), заедно со другите механизми како што се оксидативниот стрес, апоптозата и ангиогенезата, кои му даваат на женшен неговите антиканцерогени својства.
Scientific reviews state that ginseng mitigates cancer through anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and apoptotic mechanisms to influence gene expression and stop tumor growth. This shows ginseng may work as a natural cancer treatment. A number of studies have focused on ginseng’s particular effect on colorectal cancer as about 1 in 21 people in the U.S. will get colorectal cancer during their lifetime. Researchers treated human colorectal cancer cells with steamed ginseng berry extract and found
the anti-proliferation effects were 98 percent for HCT- 1 16 and 99 percent for SW-480 cells. When researchers tested steamed American ginseng root, they found results comparable to that of the steamed berry extract.

9. Го зајакнува имунолошкиот систем
Another well-researched ginseng benefit is its ability to boost the immune system — helping the body fight off infection and disease. The roots, stems and leaves of ginseng have been used for maintaining immune homeostasis and enhancing resistance to illness or infection.
Неколку клинички студии покажаа дека американскиот женшен ги подобрува перформансите на клетките кои играат улога во имунитетот. Женшен го регулира секој тип на имунолошки клетки, вклучувајќи макрофаги, природни клетки убијци, дендритични клетки, Т-клетки и Б-клетки.
Ginseng extracts produce antimicrobial compounds that work as a defense mechanism against bacterial and viral infections. Studies show that ginseng’s polyacetylene compounds are effective against bacterial infections.
Research involving mice showed that ginseng decreased the number of bacteria present in the spleens, kidney and blood. Ginseng extracts also protected mice from septic death due to inflammation. Reports show that ginseng also has inhibitory effects on the growth of many viruses, including influenza, HIV and rotavirus.

10. Олеснување на симптомите на менопауза
Pesky symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, irritability, anxiety, depressive symptoms, vaginal dryness, decreased sex drive, weight gain, insomnia and thinning hair tend to accompany menopause. Some evidence suggests that ginseng can help decrease the severity and occurrence of these. A systematic review of randomized clinical trials found that in three different trials, Korean red ginseng had the efficacy to boost sexual arousal in menopausal women, increase well-being and general health while decreasing depressive symptoms and better improve menopause symptoms on the Kupperman’s index and Menopausal Rating Scale as compared to the placebo group. A fourth study found no significant difference in the frequency of hot flashes between the ginseng and placebo group.

Видови на женшен

While the Panax family (Asian and American) are the only “true” types of ginseng due to their high levels of the active ingredient ginsenosides, there are other adaptogenic herbs that have similar properties that are also known as relatives to ginseng.

Asian Ginseng: panax ginseng, is the classic and original that has been renown for thousands of years. Often used to boost in Traditional Chinese Medicine for those who are struggling with low Qi, coldness and a yang deficiency, which can display as fatigue. This form can also help with weakness, exhaustion, type 2 diabetes, erectile dysfunction and poor memory.Panax ginseng is mainly grown in changbai mountain area of jilin province of China, Korean peninsula and Siberia of Russia. The main producing areas of Chinese ginseng are in the western slope of changbai mountain and its remaining region, while the main producing areas of Korean ginseng are in the east and south of changbai mountain, with little difference in geographical environment and climate.

American Ginseng: panax quinquefolius, grows throughout the northern regions of North America, including New York, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Ontario, Canada. American ginseng has been shown to fight depression, balance blood sugar, support digestive distress caused by anxiety, improve focus and boost the immune system . In comparison, American ginseng is more mild than Asian ginseng but still very therapeutic and usually used to treat yin deficiency instead of yang deficiency.

Siberian Ginseng: eleutherococcus senticocus, grows wild in Russia and Asia, also known as just eleuthro, contains high levels of eleutherosides, which have very similar benefits to ginsenosides found in panax species of ginseng. Studies indicate that Siberian ginseng may increase VO2 max to optimize cardiovascular endurance, improve fatigue and support immunity.

Indian Ginseng: withania somnifera, also known as ashwagandha, is a renowned herb in Ayurveda medicine for enhancing longevity. It has some similar benefits to classic ginseng but also has many differences. It can be taken more on a long-term basis and has been shown to improve thyroid hormone levels (TSH, T3 & T4), relieve anxiety, balance cortisol, improve cholesterol, regulate blood sugar and improve fitness levels.

Brazilian Ginseng: pfaffia paniculata, also known as suma root, grows throughout the rain forests of South America and means “for everything” in Portuguese because of its diverse benefits. Suma root contains ecdysterone, which supports healthy levels of testosterone in men and women and may also support muscular health, reduce inflammation, fight cancer, improve sexual performance and boost endurance.

How to Find Ginseng

Ginseng products are made from the root and the offshoots that are called root hairs. You can find ginseng in dried, powdered, capsule and tablet forms.
Ginseng is also available without herbs in a number of combination formulas; however, be aware that Panax ginseng products aren’t always what they claim . The contents of products labeled as containing Panax ginseng can vary greatly, and some may contain little or no Panax ginseng.
Be sure to read the ingredient labels carefully, and always purchase products from a reputable and reliable company. China is a major producer of ginseng in the world, accounting for 70%~80% of the world's total output, and 60% of the world's exports.

How to Make Ginseng Tea

Want to add ginseng to your daily diet? Try making your own ginseng tea.

In China, people have been drinking ginseng tea for 5,000 years. In Chinese herbal          medicine, practitioners recommend that adults over 40 drink one cup of ginseng tea every day.
Ginseng tea, just like ginseng supplements and extracts, is used to improve your mental  power and memory. When making ginseng tea, first choose the type of ginseng you want to use: American (which is better during hotter months) or Korean (better during colder    months). You can buy ginseng tea bags from your local food store, but making it yourself from the root of the plant is the most beneficial form.

● You can use the fresh root, but this may be hard to find, so using the powered or dried root works too.

● Start by peeling the root if you are using it.

● Take 1 tablespoon of root shavings or the powdered root, and put it into a metal
tea ball or filter.

● Bring water to a boil, and then turn it off — letting the water cool for 2–3 minutes.

● Pour the water into a tea cup, and sink the tea ball or filter into the cup; Let it steep for 5 minutes or longer.

● After drinking the tea, you  can even eat the ginseng shavings to optimize the health benefits.

Препорачани дози од женшен

Следниве дози на женшен се проучувани во научните истражувања:

● За дијабетес тип 2, вообичаената ефективна доза се чини дека е 200 милиграми дневно. 

● За еректилна дисфункција, 900 милиграми Panax женшен три пати на ден е она што истражувачите го откриле корисно.

● For premature ejaculation, apply SS-Cream, containing Panax ginseng and other
ingredients, to the penis one hour before intercourse and wash off before intercourse.

● За стрес, напнатост или замор, земајте 1 грам женшен дневно или 500 милиграми двапати дневно.

Можни несакани ефекти и интеракции

The side effects from ginseng are generally mild. Ginseng can act as a stimulant in some people, so it may cause nervousness and insomnia (especially in large doses). Long-term use or high doses of ginseng may cause headaches, dizziness and stomachaches.  Women who use ginseng regularly may experience menstrual changes, and there have also been some reports of allergic reactions to ginseng.

Given the lack of evidence about its safety, ginseng is not recommended for children or women who are pregnant or  breastfeeding.

Ginseng may affect blood sugar levels, so people taking drugs for diabetes shouldn’t use ginseng without talking to their health care providers first. Ginseng can interact with warfarin and with some medicines for depression; Caffeine may amplify ginseng’s stimulant effects.

Постои одредена загриженост дека женшенот Panax ги зголемува симптомите на автоимуни болести како што се МС, лупус и ревматоиден артритис, така што пациентите со тие состојби треба да се консултираат со својот лекар пред и додека го земаат овој додаток. Исто така, може да се меша со згрутчување на крвта и не треба да го земаат оние со состојби на крварење. Луѓето кои имале трансплантација на органи можеби нема да сакаат да земаат женшен бидејќи тоа може да го зголеми ризикот од отфрлање на органи. (29)

Ginseng may interact with female hormone-sensitive illnesses such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis and uterine fibroids because it has       estrogen-like effects. (29)

Женшен може да комуницира со следниве лекови:

● Лекови за дијабетес
● Лекови за разредување на крвта
● Антидепресиви
● Антипсихотични лекови
● Морфин

Прекумерната употреба на женшен може да доведе до синдром на злоупотреба на женшен, кој е поврзан со афективно нарушување, алергија, кардиоваскуларна и бубрежна токсичност, крварење од гениталните органи, гинекомастија, хепатотоксичност, хипертензија и репродуктивна токсичност.

To avoid side effects from ginseng, some experts suggest not taking ginseng for more than three to six months at a time. If need be, your doctor may recommend that you take a break and then begin to take ginseng again for a few weeks or months.


Жешки категории