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I-Ginseng

Isikhathi Sokushicilela: 2021-09-09 Ukubukwa: 139

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I-Ginseng isetshenziswe e-Asia naseNyakatho Melika amakhulu eminyaka. Abaningi bayisebenzisela ukuthuthukisa ukucabanga, ukugxilisa ingqondo, inkumbulo nokukhuthazela ngokomzimba. Iphinde isetshenziselwe ukusiza ngokucindezeleka, ukukhathazeka kanye njengendlela yokwelapha yemvelo yokukhathala okungapheli. Kuyaziwa ukuqinisa amasosha omzimba, ukulwa nezifo kanye nokusiza amadoda ane-erectile dysfunction.

Abomdabu baseMelika bake basebenzisa impande njengekhambi elivuselelayo nekhanda elibuhlungu, kanye nokwelapha ubunyumba, imfiva kanye nokuqunjelwa. Namuhla, cishe abantu baseMelika abayizigidi ezingu-6 basebenzisa izinzuzo ze-ginseng ezifakazelwe njalo.

Kunezinhlobo eziyi-11 ze-ginseng, zonke zingezohlobo lwePanax lomndeni wakwa-Araliaceae; Igama lezitshalo elithi Panax lisho ukuthi "konke ukuphulukisa" ngesiGreki. Igama elithi “ginseng” lisetshenziselwa ukubhekisa kuzo zombili i-ginseng yaseMelika (Panax quinquefolius) kanye ne-Asian noma yaseKorea ginseng (Panax ginseng). Isitshalo se-ginseng sangempela singesohlobo lwe-Panax kuphela, ngakho-ke ezinye izinhlobo, njenge-Siberian ginseng kanye ne-crown prince ginseng, zinemisebenzi ehluke ngokuhlukile.
Izinhlanganisela eziyingqayizivele nezizuzisayo zezinhlobo ze-Panax zibizwa nge-ginsenosides, futhi okwamanje zingaphansi kocwaningo lomtholampilo ukuze kuphenywe amandla azo okusetshenziswa kwezokwelapha. Kokubili i-Asian kanye

I-ginseng yaseMelika iqukethe i-ginsenosides, kodwa ihlanganisa izinhlobo ezahlukene ngamanani ahlukene. Ucwaningo luye lwahlukahluka, futhi abanye ochwepheshe abakaqiniseki ukuthi kunedatha eyanele yokufaka ilebula amakhono ezokwelapha e-ginseng, kodwa amakhulu eminyaka abantu bekholelwa ezinhlanganisela zayo ezinenzuzo nemiphumela.

Yiziphi izinhlobo ze-ginseng?

I-ginseng yaseMelika ayikalungeli ukusetshenziswa kuze kube yilapho isikhulile cishe iminyaka eyisithupha; Isengozini endle, ngakho manje isikhulile emapulazini ukuze ivikeleke ekuvuneni ngokweqile. Isitshalo se-ginseng saseMelika sinamaqabunga akhula abe yindilinga mayelana nesiqu. Izimbali ziphuzi-luhlaza futhi zimise okwesambulela; Zimila phakathi nendawo yesitshalo futhi zikhiqize amajikijolo abomvu. Isitshalo sithola imibimbi entanyeni ngokukhula - izitshalo ezindala ziyigugu kakhulu futhi zibiza kakhulu ngoba izinzuzo ze-ginseng ziningi kakhulu ezimpandeni ezindala.
I-Ginseng iqukethe izakhi ezihlukahlukene zemithi, okuhlanganisa uchungechunge lwe-tetracyclic triterpenoid saponins (ginsenosides), i-polyacetylenes, i-polyphenolic compounds nama-polysaccharides ane-acidic.

Ziyini izinzuzo?

1. Ithuthukisa Isimo Senhliziyo Futhi Yehlisa Ingcindezi
Ucwaningo olulawulwayo olwenziwe e-Brain Performance and Nutrition Research Center e-United Kingdom lwaluhilela amavolontiya angu-30 anikezwa imijikelezo emithathu yokwelashwa kwe-ginseng ne-placebo. Ucwaningo lwenzelwe ukuqoqa idatha mayelana nekhono le-ginseng lokuthuthukisa isimo sengqondo nokusebenza kwengqondo. Imiphumela yathola ukuthi ama-milligrams angu-200 e-ginseng izinsuku eziyisishiyagalombili abambezela ukwehla kwemizwa, kodwa futhi anciphisa impendulo yabahlanganyeli kuzibalo zengqondo. Umthamo wamamiligremu angu-400 uthuthukise ukuzola futhi wathuthukisa izibalo zengqondo ngesikhathi sokwelashwa kwezinsuku eziyisishiyagalombili.
Olunye ucwaningo olwenziwa e-Division of Pharmacology e-Central Drug Research Institute luhlole imiphumela ye-Panax ginseng kumagundane anengcindezi engapheli futhi yathola ukuthi “inezici ezibalulekile zokulwa nokucindezeleka futhi ingasetshenziswa ekwelapheni ukuphazamiseka okubangelwa ukucindezeleka.” Umthamo we-100 milligram we-Panax ginseng wehlise inkomba yesilonda, isisindo sendlala ye-adrenal kanye namazinga kashukela we-plasma - okuyenza ibe yindlela yokwelapha enamandla yokucindezeleka okungapheli kanye nekhambi elingokwemvelo lezilonda kanye nendlela yokwelapha ukukhathala kwe-adrenal.

2. Ithuthukisa Ukusebenza Kobuchopho
I-Ginseng ivuselela amangqamuzana obuchopho futhi ithuthukise ukugxilisa ingqondo nemisebenzi yokuqonda. Ubufakazi bukhombisa ukuthi ukuthatha impande ye-Panax ginseng nsuku zonke amasonto ayi-12 kungathuthukisa ukusebenza kwengqondo kubantu abanesifo i-Alzheimer's. Olunye ucwaningo olwenziwa eMnyangweni Wezezinzwa e-Clinical Research Institute eSouth Korea luphenye ukusebenza kahle kwe-ginseng ekusebenzeni kwengqondo kweziguli ezinesifo i-Alzheimer's. Ngemva kokwelashwa kwe-ginseng, ababambiqhaza babonisa ukuthuthuka, futhi lo mkhuba wokukhuphuka waqhubeka izinyanga ezintathu. Ngemva kokuyeka ukwelashwa kwe-ginseng, ukuthuthukiswa kwehle kumazinga eqembu lokulawula.
Lokhu kuphakamisa ukuthi i-ginseng isebenza njengokwelashwa kwemvelo kwe-Alzheimer's. Nakuba ucwaningo olwengeziwe ngalesi sihloko ludingeka, ucwaningo olulodwa lokuqala lwathola ukuthi inhlanganisela ye-ginseng yaseMelika ne-ginkgo biloba isiza ngokwemvelo ekwelapheni i-ADHD.

3. Inezakhiwo Ezinqanda Ukuvuvukala
Ucwaningo oluthokozisayo olwenziwa eKorea lwakala imiphumela enenzuzo ye-ginseng ebomvu yaseKorea ezinganeni ngemva kokwelashwa ngamakhemikhali noma ukufakelwa kwe-stem cell yomdlavuza othuthukile. Ucwaningo lwaluhlanganisa iziguli ezingu-19 ezathola amamiligremu angu-60 e-ginseng ebomvu yaseKorea nsuku zonke unyaka owodwa. Amasampula egazi aqoqwa njalo ezinyangeni eziyisithupha, futhi ngenxa yokwelashwa, ama-cytokines, noma amaprotheni amancane anesibopho sokuthumela amasignali ebuchosheni nokulawula ukukhula kwamangqamuzana, ancipha ngokushesha, okwakuwumehluko omkhulu eqenjini lokulawula. Lolu cwaningo luphakamisa ukuthi i-ginseng ebomvu yaseKorea inomphumela wokuzinzisa ama-cytokines avuvukalayo ezinganeni ezinomdlavuza ngemuva kokwelashwa ngamakhemikhali.
Ucwaningo lwango-2011 olushicilelwe ku-American Journal of Chinese Medicine olwenziwe kumagundane luphinde lwalinganisa umthelela i-ginseng ebomvu yaseKorea enawo kuma-cytokines avuthayo; Ngemva kokunikeza amagundane amamiligremu angu-100 e-ginseng ebomvu yaseKorea ekhishwe izinsuku eziyisikhombisa, i-ginseng yabonakala inciphisa kakhulu izinga lokuvuvukala - umsuka wezifo eziningi - futhi yenza ngcono umonakalo owawusuvele wenziwe ebuchosheni.
Olunye ucwaningo lwezilwane lwakala izinzuzo zokulwa nokuvuvukala kwe-ginseng. I-ginseng ebomvu yaseKorea yahlolelwa izakhiwo zayo zokulwa nokungezwani komzimba kumagundane angu-40 ane-rhinitis yokungezwani komzimba, isifo esivamile sokuvuvukala kwe-airway esivame ukubonakala ezinganeni nakubantu abadala; Izimpawu ezivame kakhulu zihlanganisa ukuminyana, ukulunywa emakhaleni kanye nokuthimula. Ekupheleni kocwaningo, i-ginseng ebomvu yaseKorea yehlisa ukungezwani nokuvuvukala emakhaleni kumagundane, ikhombisa indawo ye-ginseng phakathi kokudla okungcono kakhulu okulwa nokuvuvukala.

4. Isiza Ngokuncipha Kwesisindo
Enye inzuzo ye-ginseng emangalisayo yikhono layo lokusebenza njengesicindezeli semvelo sokulangazelela ukudla. Iphinde ithuthukise imetabolism yakho futhi isize umzimba ukuba ushise amafutha ngesivinini esisheshayo. Ucwaningo olwenziwa e-Tang Centre for Herbal Medicine Research e-Chicago lwakala imiphumela elwa nesifo sikashukela kanye ne-anti-obesity ye-Panax ginseng berry kumagundane amadala; Amagundane ajovwe nge-150 milligrams ye-ginseng berry extract per kilogram yesisindo somzimba izinsuku ezingu-12. Ngosuku lwesihlanu, amagundane athatha i-ginseng akhiphe amazinga eglucose egazi aphansi kakhulu. Ngemuva kosuku lwe-12, ukubekezelelana kwe-glucose kumagundane kwanda futhi amazinga e-glucose egazi jikelele ehle ngamaphesenti angu-53. Amagundane alashiwe abonise ukwehla kwesisindo, futhi, kusukela ku-51 amagremu futhi aqeda ukwelashwa ngamagremu angu-45.
Ucwaningo olufanayo olwenziwa ngo-2009 lwathola ukuthi i-Panax ginseng idlala indima ebalulekile kumphumela wokulwa nokukhuluphala kumagundane, okuphakamisa ukubaluleka komtholampilo kokuthuthukisa ukuphathwa kokukhuluphala kanye nama-syndromes ahlobene ne-metabolic nge-ginseng.

5. Yelapha Ukungasebenzi Kwezocansi
Ukuthatha i-ginseng ebomvu yaseKorea eyimpuphu kubonakala kuthuthukisa inkanuko yobulili futhi kwelaphe ukungasebenzi kahle kwe-erectile emadodeni. Ukubuyekezwa okuhlelekile kwe-2008 kufaka phakathi izifundo zemitholampilo ezingahleliwe ze-28 ezihlola ukuphumelela kwe-ginseng ebomvu ekwelapheni ukungasebenzi kahle kwe-erectile; Ukubuyekezwa kunikeze ubufakazi obusikiselayo bokusetshenziswa kwe-ginseng ebomvu, kodwa abacwaningi bakholelwa ukuthi izifundo eziqinile ziyadingeka ukuze kufinyelelwe iziphetho eziqondile.
Ezifundweni ezibuyekeziwe ze-28, eziyisithupha zibike ukuthuthukiswa komsebenzi we-erectile lapho usebenzisa i-ginseng ebomvu uma kuqhathaniswa nokulawulwa kwe-placebo. Izifundo ezine zahlola imiphumela ye-ginseng ebomvu yokusebenza kocansi kusetshenziswa uhlu lwemibuzo uma kuqhathaniswa ne-placebo, futhi zonke izivivinyo zibike imiphumela emihle ye-ginseng ebomvu.
Ucwaningo olwenziwa ngo-2002 eMnyangweni Wezempilo e-Southern Illinois University's School of Medicine lubonisa ukuthi izingxenye ze-ginseng's ginsenoside zenza kube lula ukumiswa kwe-penile ngokufaka ngokuqondile i-vasodilatation nokuphumula kwezicubu ze-erectile. Ukukhishwa kwe-nitric oxide kumangqamuzana e-endothelial kanye nezinzwa ze-perivascular ezithinta ngokuqondile izicubu zokuqhanyelwa.
Ucwaningo lwale nyuvesi luphinde luveze ukuthi i-ginseng ithinta isimiso sezinzwa esimaphakathi futhi iwushintsha kakhulu umsebenzi osebuchosheni osiza ukuziphatha nokukhiqizwa kwamahomoni.

6. Ithuthukisa Ukusebenza Kwephaphu
Ukwelashwa kwe-ginseng kwehlise kakhulu amagciwane amaphaphu, futhi izifundo ezibandakanya amagundane zibonise ukuthi i-ginseng ingamisa ukukhula kwe-cystic fibrosis, ukutheleleka kwamaphaphu okuvamile. Ocwaningweni olulodwa lwango-1997, amagundane anikezwa imijovo ye-ginseng, futhi ngemva kwamasonto amabili, iqembu elaphathwayo labonisa ukukhululeka kwamagciwane okuthuthuke kakhulu emaphashini.
Ucwaningo luphinde lukhombise enye inzuzo ye-ginseng amandla ayo okwelapha isifo samaphaphu esibizwa nge-Cronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), esibonakala njengokugeleza komoya okungahambi kahle okuvame ukuba kubi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. Ngokusho kocwaningo, ukuthatha i-Panax ginseng ngomlomo kubonakala kuthuthukisa ukusebenza kwamaphaphu nezinye izimpawu ze-COPD.

7. Yehlisa Amazinga Kashukela Egazini
Ucwaningo oluningana lubonisa ukuthi i-ginseng yaseMelika yehlisa amazinga kashukela kubantu abanesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2, esebenza njengekhambi lemvelo lesifo sikashukela. Ngokwe-University of Maryland Medical Center, olunye ucwaningo lwathola ukuthi abantu abanesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2 abaphuze i-ginseng yaseMelika ngaphambi noma kanye nesiphuzo esinoshukela omningi babonisa ukukhuphuka okuncane kwamazinga eglucose egazini.
Olunye ucwaningo olwenziwe ophikweni lwe-Human Cognitive Neuroscience Unit e-United Kingdom luthole ukuthi i-Panax ginseng idala ukwehla kumazinga eglucose egazini ihora elilodwa ngemuva kokusetshenziswa kwe-glucose, okuqinisekisa ukuthi i-ginseng inezinto ezithinta i-glucoregulatory.
Obunye bobunzima obuyinhloko ngesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2 ukuthi umzimba awusabeli ngokwanele ku-insulin. Olunye ucwaningo lwathola ukuthi i-ginseng ebomvu yaseKorea ithuthukise ukuzwela kwe-insulin, iqhubeka ichaza ikhono le-ginseng lokusiza ukwehlisa amazinga kashukela egazini nokusiza labo abanenkinga yesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2.

8. Ivimbela Umdlavuza
Ucwaningo luye lwabonisa ukuthi i-ginseng inezinto ezinamandla zokulwa nomdlavuza ngenxa yekhono layo lokuvimbela ukukhula kwesimila. Nakuba ucwaningo olwengeziwe ludingeka ngale ndaba, imibiko iphetha ngokuthi ukuthuthukisa ukungatheleleki kweseli okubandakanya amaseli T kanye namaseli e-NK (amaseli abulalayo emvelo), kanye nezinye izindlela ezifana nokucindezeleka kwe-oxidative, i-apoptosis kanye ne-angiogenesis, enikeza i-ginseng izakhiwo zayo zokulwa nomdlavuza.
Ukubuyekezwa kwesayensi kusho ukuthi i-ginseng inciphisa umdlavuza ngokusebenzisa izindlela zokulwa nokuvuvukala, i-antioxidant kanye ne-apoptotic ukuthonya ukubonakaliswa kofuzo nokumisa ukukhula kwesimila. Lokhu kukhombisa ukuthi i-ginseng ingasebenza njengokwelashwa komdlavuza wemvelo. Ucwaningo oluningi lugxile emthelela othile we-ginseng kumdlavuza we-colorectal njengoba cishe umuntu oyedwa kwabangu-1 e-US ezothola umdlavuza we-colorectal ngesikhathi sokuphila kwakhe. Abacwaningi belapha amangqamuzana omdlavuza we-colorectal womuntu ngokukhipha amajikijolo e-ginseng ashisayo futhi bathola ukuthi imiphumela yokulwa nokwanda yayingamaphesenti angama-21 e-HCT-98 kanye namaphesenti angama-116 kumaseli e-SW-99. Lapho abacwaningi behlola impande ye-ginseng yaseMelika eshisiwe, bathola imiphumela efana naleyo yokukhipha amajikijolo ashubile.

9. Iqinisa Amasosha omzimba
Enye inzuzo ye-ginseng ecwaningwe kahle amandla ayo okuqinisa amasosha omzimba - ukusiza umzimba ukulwa nokutheleleka kanye nezifo. Izimpande, iziqu namaqabunga e-ginseng asetshenziselwe ukugcina i-immune homeostasis kanye nokuthuthukisa ukumelana nokugula noma ukutheleleka.
Ucwaningo oluningana lwemitholampilo lubonise ukuthi i-ginseng yaseMelika ithuthukisa ukusebenza kwamangqamuzana abamba iqhaza ekugomeni. I-Ginseng ilawula uhlobo ngalunye lwamangqamuzana omzimba omzimba, okuhlanganisa ama-macrophage, amangqamuzana abulalayo emvelo, ama-dendritic cell, T cell nama-B cell.
Ukukhishwa kwe-ginseng kukhiqiza ama-antimicrobial compounds asebenza njengendlela yokuzivikela ngokumelene nezifo ezibangelwa amagciwane kanye negciwane. Ucwaningo lubonisa ukuthi i-ginseng's polyacetylene compounds iyasebenza ngokumelene nezifo ezibangelwa amagciwane.
Ucwaningo olubandakanya amagundane lubonise ukuthi i-ginseng yehlisa inani lamagciwane akhona kuma-spleens, izinso negazi. Ukukhishwa kwe-ginseng nakho kwavikela amagundane ekufeni kwe-septic ngenxa yokuvuvukala. Imibiko ibonisa ukuthi i-ginseng nayo inemiphumela evimbela ukukhula kwamagciwane amaningi, okuhlanganisa umkhuhlane, i-HIV kanye ne-rotavirus.

10. Yehlisa Izimpawu Zokunqamuka kokuya esikhathini
Izimpawu eziyingozi ezinjengokushisa okushisayo, ukujuluka ebusuku, ukushintsha kwemizwa, ukucasuka, ukukhathazeka, izimpawu zokucindezeleka, ukomisa kwesitho sangasese sowesifazane, ukuncipha komdlandla wobulili, ukukhuluphala, ukuqwasha kanye nokuncipha kwezinwele kuvame ukuhambisana nokunqamuka kokuya esikhathini. Obunye ubufakazi bubonisa ukuthi i-ginseng ingasiza ekwehliseni ubunzima nokuvela kwalokhu. Ukubuyekezwa okuhlelekile kokuhlolwa okungahleliwe komtholampilo kwathola ukuthi ezivivinyweni ezintathu ezihlukene, i-ginseng ebomvu yaseKorea yayinamandla okuthuthukisa inkanuko yobulili kwabesifazane abasuka ekunqamukeni kokuya esikhathini, ukukhulisa inhlalakahle kanye nempilo evamile kuyilapho kuncipha izimpawu zokucindezeleka kanye nokwenza ngcono kangcono izimpawu zokunqamuka kokuya esikhathini kunkomba ye-Kupperman kanye Ne-Menopausal. Isikali sokulinganisa uma siqhathaniswa neqembu le-placebo. Ucwaningo lwesine alutholanga umehluko obalulekile ekuvameni kokushisa okushisayo phakathi kweqembu le-ginseng ne-placebo.

Izinhlobo ze-ginseng

Nakuba umndeni wakwaPanax (wase-Asia naseMelika) uwukuphela kwezinhlobo “zeqiniso” ze-ginseng ngenxa yamazinga aphezulu esithako esisebenzayo i-ginsenosides, akhona amanye amakhambi e-adapogenic anezakhiwo ezifanayo ezaziwa nangokuthi izihlobo ze-ginseng.

I-Asian Ginseng: i-panax ginseng, eyaziwa nangokuthi i-ginseng ebomvu kanye ne-ginseng yaseKorea, ingeyakudala futhi yasekuqaleni ebidume izinkulungwane zeminyaka. Imvamisa isetshenziselwa ukuthuthukisa Imithi Yendabuko YamaShayina kulabo abanenkinga ye-Qi ephansi, ukubanda kanye nokuntuleka kwe-yang, okungabonisa njengokukhathala. Leli fomu lingasiza futhi ngobuthakathaka, ukukhathala, uhlobo lwesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2, ukungasebenzi kahle kwe-erectile kanye nenkumbulo ebuthakathaka.

I-American Ginseng: i-panax quinquefolius, ikhula kuzo zonke izifunda ezisenyakatho yeNyakatho Melika, kuhlanganise neNew York, iPennsylvania, iWisconsin kanye ne-Ontario, eCanada. I-ginseng yaseMelika ikhonjiswe ukuthi ilwa nokucindezeleka, ibhalansisa ushukela wegazi, isekela ukucindezeleka kokugaya okubangelwa ukukhathazeka, ukuthuthukisa ukugxila kanye nokuqinisa amasosha omzimba. Uma kuqhathaniswa, i-ginseng yaseMelika imnene kune-ginseng yase-Asia kodwa iseyelapha kakhulu futhi ijwayele ukusetshenziselwa ukwelapha ukuntula kwe-yin esikhundleni sokuntuleka kwe-yang.

I-ginseng yaseSiberia: i-eleutherococcus senticocus, ikhula zasendle eRussia nase-Asia, eyaziwa nangokuthi i-eleuthro nje, iqukethe amazinga aphezulu e-eleutherosides, anezinzuzo ezifanayo kakhulu nama-ginsenosides atholakala ezinhlotsheni ze-panax ze-ginseng. Ucwaningo lubonisa ukuthi i-ginseng yaseSiberia ingase ikhulise i-VO2 max ukuze ithuthukise ukukhuthazela kwenhliziyo nemithambo yegazi, ithuthukise ukukhathala futhi isekele amasosha omzimba.

I-Indian Ginseng: i-atania somnifera, eyaziwa nangokuthi i-ashwagandha, isitshalo esidumile emithini ye-Ayurveda yokuthuthukisa impilo ende. Inezinzuzo ezithile ezifanayo ne-ginseng yakudala kodwa futhi inomehluko omningi. Ingathathwa kakhulu isikhathi eside futhi iboniswe ukuthuthukisa amazinga e-hormone yegilo (TSH, T3 & T4), ikhulule ukukhathazeka, ibhalansi i-cortisol, ithuthukise i-cholesterol, ilawule ushukela wegazi futhi ithuthukise amazinga okuqina.
I-Ginseng yaseBrazil: i-pfaffia paniculata, eyaziwa nangokuthi impande ye-suma, ikhula kuwo wonke amahlathi emvula aseNingizimu Melika futhi isho “kuyo yonke into” ngesiPutukezi ngenxa yezinzuzo zayo ezihlukahlukene. Impande ye-Suma iqukethe i-ecdysterone, esekela amazinga anempilo e-testosterone kwabesilisa nabesifazane futhi ingase isekele impilo yemisipha, yehlise ukuvuvukala, ilwe nomdlavuza, ithuthukise ukusebenza kocansi futhi iqinise ukukhuthazela.

Umlando we-Ginseng namaqiniso athakazelisayo

I-Ginseng ekuqaleni yayisetshenziswa njengomuthi wamakhambi eChina lasendulo; Kukhona namarekhodi abhaliwe mayelana nezakhiwo zayo ezisukela cishe ku-100 AD Ngekhulu le-16, i-ginseng yayisithandwa kakhulu kangangokuthi ukulawula amasimu e-ginseng kwaba inkinga.

Ngo-2010, cishe wonke amathani angu-80,000 e-ginseng emhlabeni ekuhwebeni kwamazwe ngamazwe akhiqizwa emazweni amane - iNingizimu Korea, i-China, iCanada kanye ne-United States. Namuhla, i-ginseng imakethwa emazweni angaphezu kuka-35 futhi ukuthengisa kudlula amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezimbili, ingxenye ivela eNingizimu Korea.

I-Korea iyaqhubeka nokuba ngumhlinzeki omkhulu we-ginseng kanye ne-China umthengi omkhulu kunabo bonke. Namuhla, i-ginseng eminingi yaseNyakatho Melika ikhiqizwa e-Ontario, eBritish Columbia naseWisconsin.

I-Ginseng etshalwa eKorea ihlukaniswa ngezinhlobo ezintathu, kuye ngokuthi icutshungulwa kanjani:
● I-ginseng entsha ingaphansi kweminyaka emine ubudala.
● I-ginseng emhlophe iphakathi kweminyaka emine neyisithupha ubudala futhi yomiswa ngemva kokuxebuka.
● I-ginseng ebomvu iyavunwa, ishiswe bese yomiswa lapho isineminyaka eyisithupha ubudala.

Ngenxa yokuthi abantu babheka iminyaka yezimpande ze-ginseng ibalulekile, impande ye-ginseng yaseManchurian eneminyaka engu-400 evela ezintabeni zaseShayina yathengiswa ngo-$10,000 iwunsi ngayinye ngo-1976.

Imithamo Enconyiwe ye-Ginseng

Imithamo ye-ginseng elandelayo ifundwe ocwaningweni lwesayensi:
● Ngohlobo 2 lwesifo sikashukela, umthamo ovamile osebenzayo ubonakala ungamamiligremu angu-200 ngosuku.
● Ngokungasebenzi kahle kwe-erectile, ama-milligrams angu-900 e-Panax ginseng kathathu ngosuku yilokho abacwaningi abakuthole kuwusizo.
● Uma ukhipha isidoda ngaphambi kwesikhathi, gcoba i-SS-Cream, equkethe i-Panax ginseng nezinye izithako, epipini ihora elilodwa ngaphambi kokuya ocansini futhi ugeze ngaphambi kokuya ocansini.
● Ukuze uthole ingcindezi, ukucindezeleka noma ukukhathala, thatha igremu elingu-1 le-ginseng nsuku zonke, noma ama-milligram angu-500 kabili ngosuku.

Imithelela Engenzeka Engenzeka kanye Nokusebenzelana

Imiphumela emibi evela ku-ginseng ngokuvamile imnene. I-Ginseng ingasebenza njengesikhuthazi kwabanye abantu, ngakho ingase ibangele uvalo nokuqwasha (ikakhulukazi ngemithamo emikhulu). Ukusetshenziswa isikhathi eside noma imithamo ephezulu ye-ginseng kungase kubangele ubuhlungu bekhanda, isiyezi kanye nesisu. Abesifazane abasebenzisa i-ginseng njalo bangase babe nezinguquko zokuya esikhathini, futhi kuye kwaba nemibiko yokungezwani ne-ginseng.

Uma kubhekwa ukushoda kobufakazi mayelana nokuphepha kwayo, i-ginseng ayinconyelwe izingane noma abesifazane abakhulelwe noma abancelisa ibele.

I-Ginseng ingase ithinte amazinga kashukela egazini, ngakho abantu abasebenzisa izidakamizwa zesifo sikashukela akufanele basebenzise i-ginseng ngaphandle kokukhuluma nabahlinzeki babo bezempilo kuqala. I-Ginseng ingasebenzisana ne-warfarin kanye neminye imithi yokucindezeleka; I-caffeine ingase ikhulise imiphumela evuselelayo ye-ginseng.

Kunokukhathazeka okuthile ngokuthi i-Panax ginseng yandisa izimpawu zezifo ezizimele njenge-MS, i-lupus kanye nesifo samathambo, ngakho-ke iziguli ezinalezo zimo kufanele zithintane nodokotela wazo ngaphambi nangesikhathi sokuthatha lesi sengezo. Kungase futhi kuphazamise ukujiyisa kwegazi futhi akufanele kuthathwe yilabo abanezimo zokopha. Abantu abaye bafakelwa izitho zomzimba bangase bangafuni ukuthatha i-ginseng ngoba ingandisa ingozi yokwenqatshwa kwesitho. (29)
I-Ginseng ingase ihlanganyele nezifo ezizwela amahomoni wesifazane njengomdlavuza webele, umdlavuza wesibeletho, umdlavuza wesibeletho, i-endometriosis kanye ne-uterine fibroids ngoba inemiphumela efana ne-estrogen. (29)
I-Ginseng ingasebenzisana nemithi elandelayo:
● Imithi yesifo sikashukela
● Imithi yokwehlisa igazi
● Imithi yokucindezeleka
● Imithi ye-antipsychotic
● Izikhuthazi
● I-Morphine
Ukusetshenziswa ngokweqile kwe-ginseng kungaholela ku-Ginseng Abuse Syndrome, okuye kwahlotshaniswa nokuphazamiseka kwemizwa, ukungezwani komzimba, ubuthi benhliziyo nemithambo yegazi, ukopha kwesitho sangasese, i-gynecomastia, i-hepatotoxicity, umfutho wegazi ophakeme kanye nobuthi bokuzala.

Ukuze ugweme imiphumela emibi evela ku-ginseng, abanye ochwepheshe basikisela ukuthi ungayithathi i-ginseng isikhathi esingaphezu kwezinyanga ezintathu kuya kweziyisithupha ngesikhathi. Uma kudingeka, udokotela wakho angase atuse ukuthi uthathe ikhefu bese uqala ukuthatha i-ginseng futhi amasonto noma izinyanga ezimbalwa.

Izigaba ezishisayo